Discover Medieval Mongolian Hairstyles: A Style Guide

Discover Medieval Mongolian Hairstyles: A Style Guide

If you’re fascinated by traditional Mongolian hairstyles, you’ll love exploring the captivating realm of medieval Mongolian hairstyles. From the ancient to the cultural, these hairstyles are authentic and timeless. In this comprehensive style guide, we’ll take a closer look at the history and significance of traditional Mongolian hairstyles, including the medieval and historical periods.

From intricate braiding techniques to exotic hair accessories, Mongolian hairstyles are unique and unforgettable. Join us on a journey through the senses as we discover how Mongolian hair traditions have shaped the cultural landscape of this fascinating country.

Whether you’re a hairstylist or just looking for inspiration, this style guide is sure to delight and inspire. So sit back, relax, and get ready to discover some of the most enchanting and authentic Mongolian hairstyles.

Understanding Mongolian Hairstyle Traditions

Traditional Mongolian hairstyles have a deep cultural significance. They are influenced by ancient Mongolian hairstyles and historical Mongolian hairstyles and reflect the unique values of the Mongolian people. Hair is considered a vital part of a person’s identity and plays a significant role in Mongolian society.

Ancient Mongolian hairstyles were simple and practical and often involved braiding the hair to keep it out of the face. The traditional Mongolian hairstyles gradually evolved to include decorative elements such as hairpins, beads, and ribbons.

The traditional Mongolian hairstyles can be divided into two main categories: those for everyday wear and those for special occasions. The hairstyles for everyday wear were simple and practical and involved braiding the hair in a variety of styles. The hairstyles for special occasions, such as weddings, involved more intricate braids and hair accessories.

The Cultural Significance of Mongolian Hairstyles

Mongolian hairstyles were not just a matter of personal grooming. They had a deep cultural significance and were influenced by traditional practices and beliefs. For example, it was believed that the way a person wore their hair reflected their social status. High-ranking officials and members of the royal family wore their hair in elaborate styles with ornate hair accessories, while commoners wore simpler styles.

Additionally, hair played a significant role in traditional Mongolian medicine. It was believed that the hair’s color and texture could reveal a person’s overall health and that massaging the scalp could promote good health and well-being.

Understanding Mongolian hairstyle traditions is essential to appreciate the heritage these hairstyles carry and their cultural significance. In the following sections, we will explore the specific hairstyles, their unique features, and the role they played in Mongolian society in greater detail.

The Role of Hair in Mongolian Society

As with many cultures, traditional Mongolian hairstyles held significant cultural and societal importance. From expressing social status to identifying gender, hair played a role in shaping identity and communicating values.

One significant aspect of traditional Mongolian hairstyles was that they differed between men and women. Women’s hairstyles were typically longer and more elaborately styled, while men’s hairstyles were simpler and shorter.

Another important aspect of Mongolian hairstyles was the use of hair accessories and ornaments. These embellishments could indicate a person’s social status, with more elaborate and expensive ornaments reserved for those of higher standing.

Overall, traditional Mongolian hairstyles were a reflection of cultural values and beliefs. They conveyed social status, gender identity, and cultural traditions, making them a significant part of Mongolian society.

Common Elements of Medieval Mongolian Hairstyles

Medieval Mongolian hairstyles were distinctive and intricate, incorporating a variety of elements that made them unique. These hairstyles were often worn by both men and women and were an essential part of Mongolian culture and tradition. Understanding the common elements of medieval Mongolian hairstyles can provide insight into the cultural significance of these hairdos.


Braids were a common feature of medieval Mongolian hairstyles. The braids were often intricate and woven intricately, with the length of the hair used to create intricate designs. Women’s braids were typically longer than men’s and were often decorated with beads and other embellishments. Braids were not only a stylistic choice but also a practical one, as they helped keep long hair out of the way during work and other activities.

Top Knots

Top knots, also known as “whorls,” were a popular element of Mongolian hairstyles. These hairstyles involved twisting the hair into a knot on the top of the head, with the length of the hair often left loose to create a flowing effect. Top knots were often embellished with hairpins and other decorations, adding to their ornate appearance.

Headbands and Forehead Bands

Headbands and forehead bands were common accessories in medieval Mongolian hairstyles. These bands were often made of fabric or leather and were worn around the head, either resting on the forehead or further back on the head. These bands were often decorated with beads, feathers, or other embellishments, adding to the ornate look of the hairstyle.


Hairpins were another popular accessory used in Mongolian hairstyles. These were often made of metal and were used to hold hair in place or add decorative elements to the hairdo. Hairpins were often intricately designed and decorated and were sometimes passed down through families as heirlooms.


In colder weather, hats made from animal skins were commonly worn by Mongolians. The hat shape was wide and rounded and often had ear flaps to keep ears warm. The hairstyle would then be tucked into the hat, making for a sleek and polished look.

Understanding the common elements of medieval Mongolian hairstyles provides insight into the cultural significance and beauty of these hairdos. From braids to top knots, headbands to hairpins, these hairstyles are a testament to the creativity and artistry of Mongolian culture.

Popular Mongolian Hair Braids Throughout History

One of the most distinctive features of traditional Mongolian hairstyles is the use of braids, which can be seen in both men’s and women’s hairdos. Braids were not only a way to keep hair neat and tidy but also held cultural and symbolic significance.

Medieval Mongolian Braids

During the medieval period, Mongolian women often wore their hair in two long braids that hung down the back. These braids were sometimes woven together with colorful ribbons or thread and decorated with metal hairpins and beads.

Men’s hairstyles during this time featured shorter braids, often worn in a single braid down the back. These braids were often tied off at the end with a decorative leather or metal band.

Traditional Mongolian Braids

In more recent times, traditional Mongolian braids have evolved to include a variety of styles. One popular style is the “horse-tail” braid, which is a thick braid that is tied off at the end with a leather strip or ribbon. Another common style is the “fishbone” braid, which consists of several small braids woven together in a symmetrical pattern.

Historical Mongolian braids also often included a variety of hair accessories, such as silver hair clasps, coral beads, and peacock feathers.

The Symbolic Meaning of Braids

Braids were much more than just a stylish hairstyle in Mongolian culture. They were often used to indicate a person’s social status, with elaborate braids reserved for those of higher status. Additionally, braids were believed to have protective powers and were sometimes woven with silk or other materials thought to have magical properties.

Today, Mongolian braids are still popular among those who wish to incorporate this traditional style into their own hairdos. From simple side braids to intricate fishtail braids, the beauty and versatility of Mongolian braids continue to captivate people around the world.

Ornate Hair Accessories in Mongolian Hairstyles

Mongolian hairstyles were not only known for their intricate braids but also for their ornate hair accessories and ornaments. The use of hair accessories in traditional Mongolian hairstyles dates back to ancient times and was prevalent across both genders.

Women adorned their hairstyles with a range of accessories such as silver and gold hairpins, beads, and ribbons. These hairpins were often engraved with auspicious symbols or motifs and were worn during special occasions such as weddings or festivals. Beads were also woven into the hair, adding a colorful touch and complementing the braids.

For men, hair accessories were simpler and more functional. They wore leather headbands or metal caps to hold their hair in place during battle or hunting activities.

The Symbolism of Mongolian Hair Ornaments

Mongolian hair ornaments were not just decorative but had deeper significance and meaning. Beads and ribbons symbolized the wish for a prosperous and joyful life, while hairpins represented the wish for longevity and wisdom. For women, wearing a pair of matching hairpins was a sign of marriage and fidelity.

Leather headbands or metal caps worn by men had similar symbolism. They represented bravery and prowess, serving as symbols of social status and rank.

The Materials Used in Mongolian Hair Accessories

The materials used in Mongolian hair accessories varied depending on their purpose and function. Silver and gold hairpins were reserved for special occasions, while horn, bone, and leather hairpins were used for everyday wear. Beads were made of glass, coral, jade, and amber and were selected for their vivid colors and durability.

Similar to braiding techniques, the materials used in hair accessories also varied across different regions and ethnic groups in Mongolia.

Adapting Mongolian Hair Accessories Today

The use of Mongolian hair accessories is not limited to ancient times. Today, Mongolian hair accessories are still worn during traditional ceremonies and festivals. The popularity of these accessories has also spread globally, with people adapting and incorporating them into modern hairstyles. Mongolian hairpins have become a trendy accessory, adding a unique touch to braids and updos.

Traditional Mongolian hair accessories have stood the test of time, continuing to inspire creativity and elegance in modern-day fashion and beauty trends.

Hairstyles for Different Occasions.

In Mongolian society, different occasions call for different hairstyles. Understanding the appropriate hairstyles for each occasion is essential to maintaining cultural traditions and social expectations.

Weddings and Formal Events

For weddings and formal events, women traditionally wear elaborate updos adorned with various hair ornaments and accessories, such as silver hairpins, coral beads, and silk ribbons. These hairstyles showcase the woman’s wealth, status, and femininity. Men typically wear their hair in a topknot, often with a shaved head or short hair on the sides.

Casual Wear

During everyday wear, women often opt for simpler hairstyles, such as braids or a loose bun. These hairstyles are practical and comfortable for everyday activities and chores. Men may also wear their hair in a simple topknot or leave it down.

Cultural and Religious Events

During cultural and religious events, traditional Mongolian hairstyles are often worn, such as the “Khelechin” hairstyle for women and the “Chopa” hairstyle for men. The Khelechin hairstyle features braids on the sides of the head, with a bun or topknot at the back. The Chopa hairstyle is a simple topknot with a long braid that is wrapped around the head. These hairstyles demonstrate respect for cultural traditions and religious beliefs.

Ancient Traditions

Mongolian hairstyles have deep roots in ancient traditions, and some individuals may choose to wear styles from past eras to honor their ancestors. These hairstyles may include the “Mandarin” hairstyle for women, which features a high bun with hairpins and accessories, or the “Shine Udar” hairstyle for men, which is a topknot with long, flowing hair. These hairstyles are rarely worn in modern times but are cherished for their historical and cultural significance.

Female Mongolian Hairstyles vs. Male Mongolian Hairstyles

Gender roles had a significant influence on the choice of traditional Mongolian hairstyles. Women and men had different hairstyles that reflected their status, age, and gender. Female hairstyles were generally more ornate and intricate than male hairstyles, but both genders valued long hair, and it was considered a sign of beauty and vitality.

Female Mongolian Hairstyles

Women in Mongolia wore their hair in numerous different styles, some of which were quite elaborate. One of the most popular women’s hairstyles was the “deeltei ovoo,” which was a high bun on top of the head. This style was often decorated with jewelry, ribbons, and sometimes even pearls. Another popular style was the “long braid,” in which the hair was plaited into a long, thick braid that hung down the back. Married women often wore their hair in a “bunchii,” a complicated series of twists and braids that formed a large decorative knot on top of the head. This style was often adorned with brightly colored ribbons or silk cords.

Young girls’ hairstyles were simpler and more straightforward than those of older women. Girls often wore their hair in two braids, with one braid hanging down the back and the other draped over the shoulder. The braids were usually adorned with ribbons or silk cords.

Male Mongolian Hairstyles

Men’s hairstyles in traditional Mongolian culture were relatively simple, with short haircuts being the most common. However, long hair was also seen as a sign of strength and was worn by some men. The “golomt,” a long braid that hung down the back, was a popular hairstyle among Mongolian men. Some men also wore their hair in a “top knot,” a small bun on top of the head.

Hairstyles were also an indicator of social status. Wealthy men could afford to wear their hair in more elaborate styles, while poor men had to settle for more simple haircuts. Warriors and other high-status men sometimes adorned their hair with feathers or fur to show their courage and valor.

Today, Mongolian hairstyles have evolved, but many young people still incorporate traditional elements into their everyday hairstyles. Female Mongolian hairstyles, in particular, have caught the attention of the fashion world and have been adapted into modern styles, highlighting the cultural and authentic Mongolian hairstyles.

Influences of Mongolian Hairstyles on Modern Fashion

The allure of traditional Mongolian hairstyles is not limited to their cultural significance. Many elements of these hairstyles have influenced modern fashion trends globally, especially in the hair and beauty industry.

One of the most notable influences can be seen in the revival of braids. Mongolian hair braids, which were once worn as a symbol of social status and cultural identity, are now a popular trend in contemporary hairstyles. Braids are now incorporated into modern hairstyles in various ways, including crown braids, fishtail braids, and Dutch braids, among others.

Another element of Mongolian hairstyles that has made its way into modern fashion is the use of hair accessories. Traditional Mongolian hair ornaments made of leather, precious stones, and metals, such as gold and silver, are now being recreated and incorporated into modern hairstyles. These intricate and ornate embellishments add a touch of elegance and glamour to any hairstyle.

The adaptability of Mongolian hairstyles has also led to their influence on runway fashion. Several prominent fashion designers have incorporated elements of traditional Mongolian hairstyles into their runway shows. For instance, braids and hair accessories inspired by Mongolian hairstyles were showcased in the creations of designers such as John Galliano and Jean-Paul Gaultier.

Contemporary Mongolian Hairstyle Trends

The revival of Mongolian hairstyles has also led to the emergence of contemporary hairstyle trends that incorporate traditional Mongolian elements. Some of the most popular contemporary Mongolian hairstyle trends include:

  • The Mongolian Knot: This hairstyle involves tying a knot at the top of the head and leaving the rest of the hair loose or creating a braid that is woven around the knot.
  • The Mongolian Braid Bun: This involves creating a braid that is wrapped around the head and then twisted into a bun. Hair accessories are then added to complete the style.
  • The Mongolian Headband: This hairstyle involves adding a traditional Mongolian hair ornament or headband to a simple hairstyle. This creates a chic and stylish look that is perfect for any occasion.

In conclusion, the influences of traditional Mongolian hairstyles on modern fashion are undeniable. From braids to hair accessories, these hairstyles have left a lasting impression on the hair and beauty industry. As the world continues to embrace cultural diversity, it is clear that traditional Mongolian hairstyles will continue to inspire and influence contemporary fashion trends.

Reviving and Adapting Mongolian Hairstyles Today

Mongolian hairstyles have a rich cultural heritage and historical significance. Today, individuals and communities are working hard to revive and adapt these traditional hairdos in unique ways. Increasingly, Mongolian hairstyles are being incorporated into modern hairstyles, highlighting their relevance in contemporary fashion and beauty trends.

One of the most significant efforts to revive Mongolian hairstyles is through cultural festivals, where elaborate braids and hair accessories are showcased. These festivals not only bring attention to traditional Mongolian hairstyles but also provide a platform for hairstylists and enthusiasts to show off their skills.

Another way that Mongolian hairstyles are being revived is through social media. Instagram and Facebook pages dedicated to traditional Mongolian hairstyles are increasingly gaining popularity. Through social media, individuals can share their knowledge and passion for these hairstyles, inspiring others to learn more about their cultural significance.

Additionally, some fashion designers are incorporating traditional Mongolian hairstyles into their runway shows. By adapting these ancient hairdos to suit modern aesthetics, designers are showcasing the beauty and versatility of Mongolian hairstyles. This trend is increasingly highlighting the significance and influence of Mongolian hairstyles on global fashion and beauty trends.

In conclusion, the effort to revive and adapt traditional Mongolian hairstyles is gaining momentum. From cultural festivals to social media and fashion shows, Mongolian hairstyles are being celebrated for their cultural and historical significance, as well as their unique beauty. As interest in these hairstyles continues to grow, it is exciting to see the different ways they are being incorporated and adapted into modern fashion and beauty trends.

Exploring the Global Fascination with Mongolian Hairstyles

It’s no secret that traditional Mongolian hairstyles have captivated people globally. Despite their ancient origins, these hairstyles continue to inspire contemporary fashion trends, media, and beauty enthusiasts worldwide.

What is it about these hairstyles that fascinate people so deeply? One could argue that it’s the cultural significance and historical context that make them so alluring. Traditional Mongolian hairstyles are not just about aesthetics; they’re a reflection of cultural values, identity, and social status.

These cultural roots also make traditional Mongolian hairstyles a source of pride for many Mongolians, who see them as an essential part of their heritage. As a result, there is a growing movement to revive and preserve these hairstyles, as well as to incorporate them into modern hairstyles.

Another reason for the global fascination with Mongolian hairstyles is their unique and intricate designs. From the braided hairstyles to the elaborate hair accessories, every element of a traditional Mongolian hairstyle tells a story.

For fashion enthusiasts, traditional Mongolian hairstyles offer a fresh perspective on hair styling, with their focus on intricate braids and embellishments. Many designers have adapted traditional Mongolian hairstyles to create stunning runway looks that pay homage to the history and cultural significance of these hairstyles.

Furthermore, the popularity of traditional Mongolian hairstyles in media and entertainment has also contributed to their global fascination. From movies and TV shows set in ancient times to music videos and fashion editorials, traditional Mongolian hairstyles continue to appear in a variety of media.

Overall, the global fascination with traditional Mongolian hairstyles is a testament to the enduring power of cultural heritage and the beauty of ancient traditions. As we continue to explore the world’s diverse hairstyles, traditional Mongolian hairstyles will undoubtedly remain a source of wonder and inspiration for years to come.


In conclusion, the world of medieval Mongolian hairstyles is fascinating and rich in culture and history. Traditional Mongolian hairstyles have evolved over time and have been influenced by various cultural and social factors. From the intricate braids to the elaborate hair accessories, each element of the hairstyle has deep meaning and significance.

Through the exploration of historical Mongolian hairstyles, we have gained a better understanding of the role that hair plays in Mongolian society. Hairstyles were often used as a symbol of status, and the type of hairstyle worn depended on the occasion and gender.

Today, there is an increasing interest in reviving and adapting traditional Mongolian hairstyles. As we have seen, these hairstyles continue to fascinate people worldwide and have even influenced modern-day fashion trends.

Overall, we hope that this style guide has given you a newfound appreciation for medieval Mongolian hairstyles. These cultural and authentic hairstyles serve as a testament to the rich history and heritage of Mongolian society.