medival squires

Medieval Squires: Discover Their Roles and Lives in History

Welcome to our journey back in time to the medieval age, where squires played an essential role in shaping the society of the time. Medieval squires were knightly attendants and pageboys who served their lords and knights in various capacities.

They underwent rigorous training to prepare for knighthood and were expected to embody the ideals of chivalry. Through their training and duties, squires played an integral role in maintaining the readiness and success of knights both on and off the battlefield.

In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of medieval squires, examining their training, duties, and contributions to shaping historical events. We will delve into their code of chivalry, their social aspirations, and their representation in literature and legends.

Key Takeaways

  • Medieval squires were knightly attendants and pageboys who served their lords and knights in various capacities.
  • Squires underwent rigorous training to prepare for knighthood, acquiring the skills they needed to become successful knights themselves.
  • Through their duties, squires played an essential role in maintaining the readiness and success of knights both on and off the battlefield.
  • Squires were expected to embody the ideals of chivalry, including honor, loyalty, and bravery.
  • Squires occupied a specific place in the feudal social hierarchy, serving as a stepping stone for upward mobility and advancement.

The Origins of Squires in Medieval Society

In medieval society, squires played a significant role as important figures in feudal hierarchies. Their emergence as knightly attendants and pageboys dates back to the early Middle Ages. At that time, young boys from noble families entered into the service of a lord or knight, starting as pageboys and later becoming squires.

“The squire, as an individual, was the possessor of an office. He had duties to perform, and he had to be qualified to carry them out. He was the link between the page and the knight, between the ordinary soldier and the leader of the troop. He was the squire of knighthood in the same way as the priest’s boy was the acolyte of the church.”

During the 11th and 12th centuries, squires were primarily responsible for assisting knights in battle and performing various tasks to help maintain the knight’s readiness and success. They also learned essential skills such as riding, sword fighting, and hunting, which were necessary for their future careers as knights.

Squires were considered part of the lower nobility class and were expected to uphold the same ideals of chivalry and courtly behavior as their knights. This included displaying traits such as honor, loyalty, and bravery, which were critical to the social status and aspirations of squires in feudal society.

Squire Training: Becoming a Knight

Becoming a knight was the ultimate goal for many medieval squires. It was a challenging process that required years of training, hard work, and dedication. Squires were apprenticed to knights, and their training included both physical and mental preparation.

Physical training was essential, as squires needed to be physically fit and ready for battle. This training included activities such as hunting, jousting, and sword fighting. It was crucial for squires to become proficient in handling weapons and wearing armor, as these skills were critical for their success as knights.

Mental preparation was also vital, as squires needed to be knowledgeable in many areas, including heraldry, courtly manners, and chivalry. They were expected to behave honorably and show respect to their superiors, including lords and ladies.

Squire Training: Becoming a Knight – The Apprenticeship

The apprenticeship was a significant aspect of squire training. It involved living with a knight and traveling with them to tournaments and battles. This gave the squires hands-on experience in the challenges of knighthood and allowed them to learn from experienced knights.

During the apprenticeship, squires were responsible for serving their knight. This included tasks such as cleaning armor, tending to horses, and running errands. They also accompanied the knight into battle, where they would serve as assistants and protectors.

Squire Training: Becoming a Knight – The Ceremony

The pinnacle of a squire’s training was the ceremony of knighthood. This ceremony marked the end of the squire’s apprenticeship and the beginning of their career as a knight. The ceremony included various rituals and traditions, such as a vigil in a chapel and the dubbing of the knight with a sword.

After the ceremony, the new knight was expected to uphold the values of chivalry and continue to improve their skills. They were also expected to take on their own squires and train them for knighthood.

In conclusion, squire training was a rigorous process that prepared young men for entry into the ranks of knighthood. It was a challenging and demanding path, but one that had a significant impact on the lives of those who pursued it. Through their training, squires gained valuable skills and knowledge that would serve them well in their future careers as knights.

The Duties of a Squire

Medieval squires played important roles in supporting knights both on and off the battlefield. They were responsible for a range of duties that contributed to the success of their knights. In this section, we will examine some of the primary duties of a squire.

Duty Description
Tending to Weapons and Armor Squires were responsible for maintaining and caring for their knight’s weapons and armor. This included keeping them clean, polished, and in good working condition. By doing so, they ensured that their knight was always ready for battle.
Horse Care A knight’s horse was an essential part of their success in battle. Squires were responsible for ensuring that their horse was always well-cared for, fed, and groomed. They also had to make sure that the horse was equipped with the necessary gear and ready for battle.
Assisting in Battles Squires were expected to assist their knights on the battlefield. This included providing weapons and shields to the knight when needed, as well as tending to any injuries sustained in battle. They were also responsible for helping to remove a wounded knight from the battlefield if necessary.
Accompanying the Knight Squires often accompanied their knights on their various adventures and missions. This included attending social events and banquets, as well as accompanying the knight on diplomatic missions or while traveling.
Learning from their Knight Squires were apprentice knights and were expected to learn the skills and values necessary to become successful knights themselves. They spent a great deal of time with their knight, learning from their experiences, and developing the qualities necessary to become a knight, including physical prowess, loyalty, and bravery.

In conclusion, the duties of a squire were wide-ranging and essential to the success of their knight in battle and in everyday life. Squires played a significant role in shaping the course of medieval history and were an integral part of feudal society.

The Code of Chivalry: Squires and Noble Ideals

In medieval times, chivalry represented a code of behavior that knights and squires were expected to follow. It encompassed a broad range of virtues, from honor and loyalty to bravery and generosity. Chivalry aimed to uphold the ideals of a perfect knight, emphasizing the importance of morality, courage, and strength.

As knightly attendants, squires were expected to embody the principles of chivalry and honor. They were taught to respect their lords, protect the weak, and defend the honor of their family and country. Additionally, they had to learn the rules of jousting, hunting, and other knightly pursuits.

“He [the squire] shall fear God and maintain His Church. He shall serve his liege lord faithfully and obediently. He shall protect the weak and defend the right. He shall despise all cowardice and shun all evil company.” -The Knight’s Code of Chivalry

The ideals of chivalry influenced the behavior and attitudes of medieval squires. They saw themselves as members of an elite and honorable group, dedicated to fighting for justice and righteousness. As part of their training, they were taught to be brave in battle and to have a deep respect for their weapons and armor. They also learned the art of courtly love, which involved respecting and protecting women and serving their ladies with devotion and courtesy.

Chivalry played a central role in medieval society, influencing not only knights and squires but also the common people. By representing the highest standards of conduct and behavior, it served as a model for all individuals and helped to foster a sense of community and shared identity.

Chivalry in Literature

The ideals of chivalry were celebrated in literature, particularly in romances and epic poems. Works such as the Arthurian legends and the Song of Roland depicted knights and squires as heroes who embodied the virtues of chivalry. These stories helped to spread the ideals of chivalry throughout Europe and contributed to the cultural identity of the medieval period.

The Enduring Legacy of Chivalry

Although the era of knights and squires has long passed, the ideals of chivalry continue to influence modern society. The principles of honor, bravery, and respect remain relevant today, and continue to inspire individuals to strive for excellence and to uphold moral values.

From the epic tales of medieval knights to the modern world, the legacy of chivalry lives on. It continues to shape the way we view ourselves and our interactions with others, providing a timeless model of dignity and nobility.

Squires and Their Relationship with Knights

The relationship between a squire and their knight was one of mutual respect and trust. Squires were knightly attendants, and their role was to support their knights both on and off the battlefield. They were responsible for tending to their knight’s needs, from ensuring their armor was in good condition to assisting in battles.

The relationship between a squire and their knight was built on trust, loyalty, and respect. Squires were expected to obey their knights’ orders without question and follow the code of chivalry. In return, knights were responsible for mentoring and training their squires, preparing them for knighthood and instilling in them the values of chivalry.

“It was the custom then for squires to serve knights, and for knights to treat their squires with respect and honor.”

As squires progressed in their training, they were given more responsibilities and allowed to accompany their knights into battle. This was a significant moment in a squire’s journey, as it demonstrated their readiness for knighthood and the trust placed in them by their knight.

The relationship between a squire and their knight was not just professional but also personal. Knights often took on a paternal role, providing guidance and advice to their squires. This bond extended beyond the battlefield and was evident in the mutual care and concern shown for each other’s well-being.

The Role of a Squire

The role of a squire was multifaceted. They were responsible for assisting their knights in battles, tending to their equipment and horses, and providing moral support. They were also expected to learn the art of combat, including sword fighting, jousting, and archery.

Squires were considered apprentices to their knights, and their training was rigorous and demanding. They were expected to display courage, discipline, and honor at all times, to uphold the ideals of chivalry.

The relationship between a squire and their knight was an integral part of medieval society and played a significant role in shaping the values and traditions of knighthood.

Squires in Feudal Society: Social Status and Aspirations

Medieval squires were an essential component of the feudal social hierarchy. They held a position of relative privilege, serving as knightly attendants and receiving rigorous training to prepare for knighthood. However, their position was still below that of knights and nobles. Squires were considered part of the lower nobility, aspiring to climb higher up the social ladder.

Despite their lower status, squires had opportunities for upward mobility within feudal society. They could gain favor with their lords and advance to higher positions, becoming knights or even nobles themselves. The role of a squire was often seen as a stepping stone towards greater social and economic success.

Comparing the Social Status of Squires and Knights

Squires Knights
Training and Education Received rigorous training to prepare for knighthood Underwent extensive training and apprenticeship to become a knight
Duties Served as attendants to knights, performing various tasks to support them As fully-fledged knights, they had the responsibility to protect their lord and kingdom, uphold the law, and demonstrate chivalric ideals.
Equipment and Status Symbols Received armor and weapons from their lord, but lacked the ornate and expensive equipment of knights Wore expensive armor and carried ornate weapons to symbolize their status as knights

As shown in the table, while squires and knights had some similarities in their training and duties, knights held a higher social status and had more responsibilities. Knights were responsible for upholding the law and chivalric ideals, and they were expected to be leaders in battle and in society.

Overall, squires played a significant role in the feudal system, serving as the backbone of knighthood and preparing for their own eventual rise through the ranks. Their unique position within feudal society helped to maintain the balance of power and provided a way for those lower down the social ladder to climb higher.

Training and Education of Medieval Age Pageboys

Before becoming squires, many young boys served as pageboys in noble households. These pageboys were typically between the ages of seven to fourteen and were responsible for waiting on the lady of the house, running errands, and attending to guests. However, their training and education extended far beyond household chores.

Pageboys were educated in a variety of subjects, including reading, writing, mathematics, music, and dancing. They were also expected to learn about the customs and traditions of their lord’s household and were instructed in etiquette, manners, and courtly behavior. These lessons were crucial in preparing the pageboys for their future roles as squires.

As pageboys grew older, they had the opportunity to participate in more significant tasks and observe the duties of knights and squires. They were tasked with caring for the horses and equipment, accompanying their lords to battles and tournaments, and even taking part in mock battles as a form of training. Through these experiences, pageboys gained essential skills and knowledge that would serve them well in their future roles as squires.

The transition from pageboy to squire was marked by a formal ceremony known as “dubbing.” During this ceremony, the pageboy knelt before his lord, who then touched the boy’s shoulder with a sword, declaring him a squire. From this moment forward, the squire was considered a member of the knightly class and was permitted to wear a sword.

Overall, the education and training of pageboys played a crucial role in preparing them for their future roles as squires. The skills they gained and the lessons they learned were essential in shaping the character and values of medieval squires.

Squires and Historical Events: The Impact of Their Actions

Despite their young age, medieval squires often found themselves in the midst of significant historical events. Their role as knightly attendants placed them in close proximity to their lords and provided opportunities to participate in battles, negotiations, and diplomatic missions. In this section, we will highlight the impact that squires had on shaping these events and the role they played in the outcome.

“Before the battle of Agincourt, King Henry V spent the night in conversation with his squires, who cheered him up with jests and stories, and, I fancy, with the rough and ready chivalry which only squires could feel and understand.”

-Hilaire Belloc, Historian and Writer

One example of a squire who had a significant impact on history is William Marshal. Marshal was a highly skilled knight who started his journey as a young squire serving under William de Tancarville. He went on to serve under four kings of England, including Richard the Lionheart, and played a crucial role in the negotiations leading up to the signing of the Magna Carta.

Another notable squire is Bertrand du Guesclin, who served as a squire to Charles II of Navarre during the Hundred Years’ War. Du Guesclin’s cunning and leadership skills earned him the trust and respect of his lord, who appointed him as a captain in charge of a company of soldiers. He went on to become a celebrated military commander, leading the French army to several victories against the English.

Medieval Squire Historical Event Impact
William Marshal Negotiations leading to the signing of the Magna Carta Marshal’s diplomatic skills and loyalty helped secure the signing of the Magna Carta, a pivotal moment in English history that established the principle of the rule of law.
Bertrand du Guesclin The Hundred Years’ War Du Guesclin’s victories against the English earned him the title of Constable of France, the highest military rank in the country, and contributed to the eventual French victory in the war.

These examples showcase the importance of squires in historical events and their significant contributions to shaping the world we live in today. Their training, skills, and unwavering loyalty to their lords made them invaluable assets on and off the battlefield.

Squires in Literature and Legend

Medieval squires have always been a favorite topic among authors and storytellers. They are often portrayed as brave and loyal knightly attendants, embodying the ideals of chivalry in medieval times. From epic poems to beloved children’s tales, squires have left a lasting impression in literature and legend.

One of the most famous examples of squires in literature is the character of Sancho Panza from Miguel de Cervantes’ novel, Don Quixote. Sancho serves as the faithful squire to the delusional knight-errant, Don Quixote. He is depicted as a comical but endearing character, providing a counterbalance to Don Quixote’s wild imaginings.

“Blessings on him who invented sleep, the mantle that covers all human thoughts, the food that satisfies hunger, the drink that slakes thirst, the fire that warms cold, the chill that moderates heat, and, lastly, the common currency that buys all things, the balance and weight that equalizes the shepherd with the king and the fool with the wise man.”

– Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote

Another beloved squire in literature is Samwise Gamgee from J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Sam serves as the loyal companion and squire to Frodo Baggins, the ring-bearer. He accompanies Frodo on his dangerous quest to destroy the One Ring and is a crucial factor in their success.

Character Book/Series
Sancho Panza Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes
Samwise Gamgee The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
Wart The Once and Future King by T.H. White

The character of Wart, also known as King Arthur, from T.H. White’s The Once and Future King, is another example of a squire in literature. Wart serves as the apprentice to the wizard Merlin and is later knighted by King Arthur himself. His journey from a lowly squire to a noble knight is a central theme in the book.

Medieval squires have also been featured in countless myths and legends. One of the most famous is the legend of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Gawain, a squire, accepts a challenge from the mysterious Green Knight and embarks on a perilous quest to fulfill his end of the bargain. The story is a testament to the courage and loyalty of medieval squires.

  • Sancho Panza from Don Quixote
  • Samwise Gamgee from The Lord of the Rings
  • Wart from The Once and Future King

Overall, squires in literature and legend continue to inspire and captivate readers. Their unwavering loyalty, bravery, and devotion to chivalrous ideals embody the spirit of the medieval age and serve as a reminder of the enduring appeal of this fascinating historical period.

Section 11: The Legacy of Medieval Squires

Medieval squires left an indelible legacy that continues to influence our perceptions of chivalry, knighthood, and feudal society. Their role as knightly attendants and pageboys paved the way for their future careers as knights and their place in the complex feudal hierarchy.

Their rigorous training, which focused on mastering various skills such as sword fighting, hunting, and falconry, instilled in them a sense of discipline and dedication. This training enabled them to become successful knights, and their reputation for bravery and loyalty was widely acknowledged.

Furthermore, their code of chivalry, which emphasized virtues such as honor, loyalty, and bravery, continues to serve as an inspiration for many today. Their contribution to shaping historical events is also notable, as they often found themselves in the center of pivotal moments during battles, negotiations, and diplomatic missions.

Even in literature and legends, squires have become a popular subject, with many works portraying their lives and adventures. These stories have contributed to the continued fascination with squires and their place in medieval society.

In conclusion, the legacy of medieval squires is far-reaching and multifaceted. Their contributions to the development of chivalry and their role in historical events continue to inspire us today. Through their dedication to their duties and values, they have left a lasting legacy that transcends time and place.


Medieval squires played an essential role in the social, military, and cultural aspects of medieval society. Their rigorous training, their duties, and their relationship with knights were crucial in maintaining the readiness and success of their lords. The concept of chivalry was ingrained in their values and behavior, shaping their ideals and aspirations.

The legacy of medieval squires extended beyond their own time, inspiring subsequent generations with their skills, traditions, and values. Through their lives and contributions, we gain valuable insights into the complexities of medieval life and the ideals they upheld.

We hope that this journey through the world of medieval squires has been enlightening and enjoyable. By delving into their roles and lives, we gain a better understanding of the feudal society and the values that shaped it. Join us in future explorations of history, culture, and society!


What is the role of a medieval squire?

Medieval squires were knightly attendants and pageboys who assisted knights in various tasks and received training to become knights themselves.

How did squires become knights?

Squires underwent rigorous training, often serving as apprentices to experienced knights. Through their training, they acquired the necessary skills and knowledge to be knighted.

What were the duties of a squire?

Squires had a wide range of duties, including tending to the knight’s armor and weapons, assisting in battles, and providing general support to knights both on and off the battlefield.

What was the code of chivalry for squires?

Squires were expected to embody the ideals of chivalry, which included virtues such as honor, loyalty, and bravery. These noble ideals guided their behavior and actions.

What was the relationship between a squire and their knight?

The relationship between a squire and their knight was one of mutual trust and respect. Squires had specific duties and responsibilities towards their knights, forming a unique bond.

What was the social status of squires in feudal society?

Squires occupied a specific place in the feudal social hierarchy. They served as important figures in noble households and often used their role as a stepping stone for upward mobility.

What was the training and education of medieval age pageboys like?

Many young boys served as pageboys before becoming squires. They received training and education under the guidance of their lords, preparing them for their future roles.

How did squires impact historical events?

Despite their young age, squires often played pivotal roles in significant historical events. They participated in battles, negotiations, and diplomatic missions, shaping the outcomes.

How are squires portrayed in literature and legends?

The image of squires has captivated authors and storytellers throughout history. They are often depicted in famous literary works and myths, showcasing their adventures and lives.

What is the legacy of medieval squires?

The influence of medieval squires extends beyond their time. Their values, skills, and traditions shaped the concept of knighthood and continue to inspire generations today.